Reader Comments

substantial nature

by Journal Site (2020-02-17)


Value Chain and Economics of Coffee Production

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Linking Agricultural Research Center with Seed Producer Cooperatives Farmers

 

 

The consequence of this view is the association of elements of local social and cultural values that contain rules and patterns of social, political, economic and cultural relations into the framework of a paradigm of development of the whole agricultural system.

 

Karwan A. Salikin

Agriculture is one part of agroecosystems that cannot be separated from the health and natural environment subsystems, humans and culture are interrelated in a production process for the sake of mutual survival.

 

 

Y.W Wartaya Winangun

Agriculture is a thing that has a substantial nature in terms of development because it can act as a fulfillment of food needs, providers of raw materials for industry, contributors to the country's foreign exchange and employment providers.

 

Dwi Haryanti

Agriculture has the understanding as a human effort in farming where the object is an empty land.

 

Sri Sulestari

Agriculture is a type of business that relies on processing land and plants grown in the form of food crops.

 

Agricultural History

Agricultural history is part of the history of human culture. Agriculture starts to emerge when a community is able to maintain the availability of food for its life. Agriculture seems to force a group of people to settle and thus can encourage the emergence of civilization.

 

There has been a change in the belief system, the development of tools that can support life and also the emergence of art due to the adoption of agricultural technology. The culture of the people who depend their lives on the aspects of agriculture is called an agrarian culture.

 

 

Agriculture in Indonesia began in the 19th century under the auspices of the Dutch colonialism

 

Agriculture in Indonesia began to emerge in the 19th century or around 1811-1816 through the land tax system introduced by Raffles which brought some problems to the Javanese feudal lords and encouraged a rebellion known as the Javanese War.

 

Furthermore, in 1830-1870 the indigenous people were familiar with farming activities through forced cultivation which was implemented by the colonialists who at that time aimed at destabilizing the invaders. Before the independence era in 1918 the Great Center for Agricultural Investigation (Algemeen Proefstation voor den Landbouw) was formed which had changed its name several times.

 

In the period after independence was born Law No. 5/1960 concerning Basic Rules on Agrarian Principles (LoGA) aimed at laying the foundations for the preparation of national agrarian law, establishing unity and simplicity in land law, and laying the foundations of legal certainty of land rights for all people.

 

All that is done is to bring happiness, prosperity, justice for the people and the country, especially the peasants, towards a just and prosperous society.

 

In 1974 the Agricultural Research and Development Agency was formed based on Presidential Decrees of 1974 and 1979 which decided that the Agricultural Research and Development Agency as an Echelon I unit which oversees 12 Echelon II units which include: