Pola Kebijakan Digitalisasi Penyiaran di Indonesia

Assyari Abdullah* -  Universitas Islam Negeri Sulthan Syarif Kasim Riau, Indonesia

DOI : 10.24269/ars.v8i1.2092

The purpose of the study is to see how broadcasting digitalization policies in Indonesia after the shaking of the status of broadcast digitalization after the Supreme Court's decision. This research uses a qualitative descriptive method with a case study approach to explore the issues and problems that exist around the digitalization of broadcasting in Indonesia. The practice of broadcasting digitalization in Indonesia does not have clear regulations after Ministerial Regulation 22/2011 has been revoked. So that policies and regulations in managing broadcast digitalization are unclear. Simulcast Public Broadcasting Institutions (LPPs) and Private Broadcasting Institutions (LPS) have conducted trials in the field of broadcast digitalization. TVRI as a Public Broadcasting Institution (LPP) already has TVRI Digital Broadcasting Channel -1, TVRI Digital Broadcast -2, TVRI Digital Broadcast -3, TVRI Digital Broadcast -4 and TVRI Digital-HD Broadcasting. Private Broadcasting Institutions (LPS) that conduct trials are Nusantara TV, Inspira TV, Kompas TV, Gramedia TV, Tempo TV, Net TV, CNN TV, Muhammadiyah TV, Merahputih TV, Badar TV, and Persada TV. The government and all stakeholders must seriously oversee the revision of the broadcasting law that accommodates broadcast digitalization.

Keywords
Digital Broadcasting; Regulation; Television
  1. Penelitian]. Pekanbaru: Penelitian ini didanai oleh Kementerian Agama Republik Indonesia melalui Lembaga Penelitian dan Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat (LPPM) Universitas Islam Negeri Sultan Syarif Kasim Riau.
  2. Arifianto, S. (2008). Metodologi Riset Komunikasi: Panduan Untuk Melaksanakan Penelitian Komunikasi. Yogyakarta: BPPI & PKMBP.
  3. ATSDI. (2017). Masukan Asosiasi Televisi Siaran Digital Indonesia (ATSDI) Kepada Badan Legislasi (Baleg) DPR-RI Terkait Harmonisasi RUU Penyiaran Inisiatif DPR, Jakarta, 13 April 2017. Jakarta: Asosiasi Televisi Siaran Digital Indonesia (ATSDI).
  4. Baker, C. E. (2006). Media Concentration and Democracy: Why Ownership Matters. Cambridge University Press.
  5. Budiman, A. (2018, September 14). Wawancara Terkait Pola Kebijakan Digitalisasi Penyiaran di Indonesia. Narasumber merupakan Peneliti Komunikasi Politik Pusat Penelitian Badan Kehalian Dewan Perwakilan Rakyat (DPR) Republik Indonesia. http://bit.ly/ahmadbudiman.
  6. Bungin, M. B. (2008). Penelitian Kualitatif, Komunikasi, Ekonomi, Kebijakan Publik, dan Ilmu Sosial lainnya. Jakarta: Kencana.
  7. Darwis, Y. (2018, September 15). Wawancara Terkait Pola Kebijakan Digitalisasi Penyiaran di Indonesia. Narasumber merupakan Ketua Komisi Penyiaran Indonesia (KPI) Pusat. http://bit.ly/yuliandredarwis.
  8. Dominick, J. R., Messere, F., Sherman, B. L., & Dominick, J. R. (2012). Broadcasting, cable, the internet, and beyond: An introduction to modern electronic media. New York: McGraw-Hill.
  9. Doyle, G. (2002). Media ownership: The economics and politics of convergence and concentration in the UK and European media. London ; Thousand Oaks [Calif.]: SAGE.
  10. Esti, C. (2018, September 17). Wawancara Terkait Pola Kebijakan Digitalisasi Penyiaran di Indonesia. Narasumber merupakan Peneliti Centre for Innovation Policy and Governance (CIPG). http://bit.ly/clara-leonardus1.
  11. ITU. (2013). Roadmap for the transition from analogue to digital terrestrial television broadcasting in the Republic of Indonesia. Retrieved from International Tellecommunication Union website: https://www.itu.int/net4/ITU-D/CDS/gq/generic/asp-reference/file_download.asp?FileID=4380
  12. ITU. (2015). GE06 Agreement – The end of the transition period. Retrieved August 2, 2019, from https://www.itu.int/en/ITU-R/terrestrial/broadcast/plans/Documents/GE06-End%20of%20transition%20period_information%20document-Final%2025082015.pdf
  13. Kominfo RI. (2014). Keuntungan Penyiaran Digital. Retrieved from ttps://tvdigital.kominfo.go.id/wp-content/uploads/2014/08/manfaat_penyiaran.pdf
  14. Kominfo RI. (2018). Laporan Kinerja 2017. Retrieved from Kementerian Komunikasi dan Informatika Republik Indonesia website: https://web.kominfo.go.id/sites/default/files/FINAL%20FA%20LAKIP%20KOMINFO%202017.pdf
  15. Kristianto Nugroho, L. (2018, September 17). Wawancara Terkait Pola Kebijakan Digitalisasi Penyiaran di Indonesia. Narasumber merupakan Peneliti Centre for Innovation Policy and Governance (CIPG). http://bit.ly/clara-leonardus2.
  16. Munandar, E. (2018, September 16). Wawancara Terkait Pola Kebijakan Digitalisasi Penyiaran di Indonesia. Narasumber merupakan Ketua Asosiasi Televisi Siaran Digital Indonesia (ATSDI). http://bit.ly/erismunandar.
  17. Nugroho, Y., Putri, D. A., & Laksmi, S. (2012). Memetakan Lanskap Industri Media Kontemporer di Indonesia (Edisi Bahasa Indonesia). Laporan. Bermedia, Memberdayakan Masyarakat: Memahami kebijakan dan tata kelola media di Indonesia melalui kacamata hak warga negara. Jakarta: Riset kerjasama antara Centre for Innovation Policy and Governance dan HIVOS Kantor Regional Asia Tenggara, didanai oleh Ford Foundation.
  18. Putra, G. A., Endroyono, E., & Kusrahardjo, G. (2015). Rancang Bangun Software Sistem Monitoring TV Digital DVB-T2. Jurnal Teknik ITS, 4(1). Retrieved from https://www.neliti.com/id/publications/190441/rancang-bangun-software-sistem-monitoring-tv-digital-dvb-t2
  19. Rianto, P. (2012a). Digitalisasi televisi di Indonesia: Ekonomi politik, peta persoalan, dan rekomendasi kebijakan. Yogyakarta: PR2Media : Yayasan Tifa.
  20. Rianto, P. (2012b). Dominasi Tv Swasta (’Nasional’), Tergerusnya Keberagaman Isi dan Kepemilikan. Yogyakarta: PR2Media-Yayasan Tifa.
  21. Rianto, P., Yusuf, I. A., Zuhri, S., Faried Cahyono, Wahyono, B., Rahayu, … Masduki. (2013). Digitalisasi Penyiaran Harus Berpihak pada Kepentingan Publik. Retrieved from https://issuu.com/tifafoundation/docs/position_paper_digitalisasi_tv
  22. Satori, D., & Komariah, A. (2009). Metodologi Penelitian kualitatif. Bandung: Alfabeta.
  23. setnas-asean.id. (2018). Komitmen ASEAN untuk Mendigitalisasi Penyiaran. Retrieved August 15, 2019, from http://www.setnas-asean.id/siaran-pers/read/komitmen-asean-untuk-mendigitalisasi-penyiaran
  24. Shin, D.-H., & Song, H.-R. (2012). The switchover to digital broadcasting in Korea. Technological Forecasting and Social Change, 79(8), 1447–1461. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.techfore.2012.04.017
  25. Siregar, A. E. (2008). Melawan dan Mencegah Monopoli serta Membangun Keanekaragaman. Jurnal Sosial Demokrasi, 3(1).
  26. Suyanto, B. (2005). Metodelogi Penelitian Sosial, Berbagai Alternatif Pendekatan. Jakarta: Prenada Media.
  27. Syaharuddin, S. (2018, September 13). Wawancara Terkait Pola Kebijakan Digitalisasi Penyiaran di Indonesia. Narasumber merupakan Kasubdit Iklim Usaha dan Kelayakan Teknologi Kementerian Komunikasi dan Informatika Republik Indonesia. http://bit.ly/syaharuddin.
  28. TVDigital.id. (2018). Efisiensi spektrum. Retrieved January 20, 2019, from TVDigital.id website: http://tvdigital.id/efisiensi-spektrum/

Full Text:
Article Info
Submitted: 2019-11-19
Published: 2020-01-01
Section: Artikel
Article Statistics: 65 44
Citation :